Oculoplasty: Know About Its’ Symptoms, Treatment And Surgery
Oculoplasty refers to surgical treatments performed on or around the eye area. These operations can involve the eyelids, orbit, tear ducts, and face.
An individual’s eyes need special care and regular eye care should be everybody’s priority.
Some individuals suffer from various deformities in their eyes which inhibit their clear vision. While there are many who want to make alterations in their natural eye construct due to aesthetic reasons.
So, surgeries are carried out near the eye region to remove the deformities (medical reasons) and sometimes to enhance the beauty of the eye (cosmetic reasons).
All you need is to make search on your smartphone as “eye specialist near me” and you will be able to find the best eye doctor for meeting your needs.
What is Oculoplasty?
These types of surgeries are performed by an ophthalmologist with having specialization in plastic surgery.
Symptoms That You Need Oculoplasty
The key symptom of oculoplastic is an eye whose vision is hindered due to various reasons. This surgery is carried out to treat the following eye conditions-
- Cure the condition of drooping eyes
- Open the blocked tear ducts
- Treat orbital fractures
- Treat excessive blinking of eyes
- Bulging of eyes
- Tumour in eye
- Cosmetic reasons
Various Types of Oculoplastic Surgeries
Different types of surgeries are undertaken to address the different troubling conditions of eyes of the individual. They are-
1. Blepharoplasty (Surgery Of The Eyelid)
With increasing age, the skin above the eyelids loosens and our eyelids get de-shaped and become saggier.
Heredity and sun exposure are also responsible for this in many cases. These saggy eyes obstruct the vision of an individual.
Here, the eyelid surgery (called blepharoplasty) performed by the best ophthalmologist in Jaipur, helps an individual.
In this surgery, the excessive skin and fat on the upper eyelid is removed and the skin beneath is uplifted. Sometimes, both the upper and lower eyelids have to be operated /treated.
2. Ptosis Repair
Some people suffer from the problem of drooping of upper eyelids. When the eyelid droops down, it gets difficult for an individual to see.
The eyelid always covers the pupil either fully or partially.
The patient has to use his fingers to raise the eyelids or they just lift their brows to pull open the eyelids. A surgery is carried out to reduce and reattach the stretched muscle so that the eyelid may remain open comfortably.
3. Orbital Surgery
This surgery is focused on the structures that surround the eye. It includes the reconstructive surgeries of the eyelids, orbit (bones of the eye socket), tear duct , forehead and midface area.
4. Skin Cancers or Eyelid Growth
A bulge or tumor on the eyelid that is swelling up or is bleeding must be treated on an urgent basis. It might be a sign of cancer.
An oculoplastic surgeon at a well-equipped vision center is specialized in treating eyelid cancer and can tackle the condition very well.
5. Pediatric Oculoplastic Surgery
If a newborn or child has any deformities in their eyes, they can be corrected by a pediatric oculoplastic surgeon.
Treating such vision disorders at an early age increases the probability of the child developing healthy vision at later ages.
6. Ectropion or Entropian Repair
Ectropion is a condition in which the eyelid of an individual is rolled outside from the eye. This causes more exposure to the eye, thereby causing it to dry more. This dryness causes excessive irritation, itching, and tearing in the eyes, which may lead to eye damage.
Entropion is a condition in which the eyelid of an individual is rolled inside the eye. This condition causes light sensitivity, and pain and makes vision difficult.
Both these conditions can be treated by surgery which involves the removal of the sagging portion of the eyelid.
For all the above types of oculoplastic surgeries, you may opt for any of the top eye hospitals in Jaipur.
Precautions: Before And After The Surgery
Any type of surgical procedure undertaken on the eye or near it, is done in a single day. The patient is discharged on the same day.
But he/she has to take all the precautions as prescribed by the doctor.
Generally, a patient regains his/ her normal vision after a week of the surgery. He needs to take proper medications and follow precautionary measures.
Some precautions one needs to take before the surgery are-
- The patient should not be on blood thinning medications while undergoing surgery.
- The blood sugar level and the blood pressure of the individual should be strictly within limits while undergoing otoplasty surgery.
One must go through a regular full body checkup before the surgery. This will help in attaining the best results and quick healing.
- One must avoid (if possible quit) smoking and drinking because they are responsible for poor eye health.
Some precautions one needs to take after the surgery are-
Smoking and drinking must be quitted or at least avoided for the period up to which the doctor prescribes.
- As suggested by your eye expert, you can apply an ice pack to reduce swelling or bruising.
- Avoid strenuous physical activities after surgery. Eat healthily and maintain the right blood pressure.
- In a period of a week or so, you will regain clear vision. It may take time.
- An increased tear overflow is a normal condition after the surgery. So, don’t worry about it. If you can’t bear it up, consult your ophthalmologist.
- Regularly visiting your doctor post-surgery is a must-do. This will help your doctor to understand your recovery and ensure the effectiveness of the results.
Oculoplastic surgery is like any other eye surgery. If carried out by an experienced ophthalmologist in a well-equipped and technologically advanced setup, it yields the best medical and cosmetic results.
The demand for such surgery for cosmetic needs is growing day by day.